Saturday, December 6, 2008


Today we covered how to tell time, and how separable pre-fix verbs fit into a sentence.

Some basic rules:

1. Always look for the root of the word

Trennbare verben. Since trennen = separate and -bar = (suffix) -able
trennbare means “separable”.

2. As a general rule, put time in front of place

Wir gehen heute auf den flohmarkt. Ich fahre Dienstag nach Hamburg.

3. Present tense verbs can be use for all three kinds of English present tense.

Ich gehe= I go
I do go
I am going

3a. Present tense verbs can be used for future or past situations if a time expression is used.

Ich gehe morgen. = I will go tomorrow.
Ich warte schon eine Stunde. = I have been waiting for an hour.
Ich bin vor 3 Tagen da. = I was there 3 days ago.

4. Trennbare Verben have two separable parts. They correspond to English Phrasal Verbs.

stattfinden = to take place

anfangen = to begin (to start up)

Es findet statt. = It's taking place. It takes place. It does take place.
Es fängt an.
= It begins. It’s beginning. It’s starting.

5. Pronunciation note

seit is pronounced like "Zite"
Zeit is pronounced like "TSite"

An English hard C as in candle is spelled with a K in German as in Kerzen (candle) /ker TSen/
An English soft C as in center is spelled with a Z in German as in Zentrum (center) /TSen troom/

6. Die Uhrzeit = Time:

Es findet um halb elf statt. = It takes place at 10:30 a.m.

Es fängt um 16 Uhr an. = It starts at 4:00 p.m.

Um = at
die Uhr = clock
die Uhrzeit = time (on the clock)

die Zeit = time (Zeitgeist = spirit of our time)
das Mal = time (einmal, zweimal = once, twice)
mal = times (drei mal drei macht neun = 3 X 3 = 9)

Nie = never
Niemals = never, no time
Je = ever
Jemals = ever
Nie und niemals = never ever

Ich sehe dich nie und niemals wieder. = I'll never ever see you again.

wiedersehen = to see again

Auf Wiedersehen = good bye (until [we] see [each other] again)

23:00 = 11p.m.
00:00 = Mitternacht = midnight 12 a.m.
01:00 = 1 a.m.
12:00 = Mittag = noon 12 p.m.
13:00 = 1 p.m.

30 Minuten = eine halbe (half) Stunde (hour) = a half hour
15 Minuten = eine viertel (quarter ) Stunde (hour) = a quarter hour

NOTE: If two nouns are next to each other, then the word "of" is understood to be there.
(This is preview of the Genetive Case.)

Eine Chance des Glücks
= a chance of luck, or a lucky chance

Eine Frage der Chance = a question of chance

Der Anfang der Revolution = the beginning of the revolution

3 Viertel vor 4 = 3:45 p.m.
Fünf nach zehn = 10:05 a.m.
Fünf vor zehn = 9:55 p.m.
Viertel vor zehn = 9:45 p.m.

9:45 p.m. can be said in two ways:
The best way- Viertel vor 10
or - Drei (3) Viertel 10

halb 7 = 6:30
halb 8 = 7:30
halb 9 = 8:30
halb 10 = 9:30
halb 11 = 10:30
usw. = etc. (undsoweiter = etcetera)

2 (Minuten) vor viertel 11=10:13 a.m. (two minutes before quarter after)

Viertel 11
= 10:15 a.m.

3 nach Viertel 11= 10:18 a.m.

Halb 11 = 10:30 a.m.

Rule: always go to the closest quarter hour

Three ways of saying 12:45 p.m. are:

3 Viertel 13
1 Viertel vor 13
12 Uhr 45 (funf und vierzig)

Was ist die Zeit? =what is the time-in an historical or philosophical sense

Was ist die Uhrzeit? =what is the time-in terms of the clock

Wann fangt es an? = when does it start/begin?

The best option: Wie viel Uhr ist es (or haben wir?)= what time is it; what time do we have?

Um wie viel Uhr, or Wann....? = At what time? or When?

Um drei Uhr = at 3:00 p.m.
drei Studen Lang=3 hours long in duration

Unser Weihnachtsfest findet heute um halb 11 statt. = Our Christmas party takes place today at 10:30 a.m.

Es fängt jetzt an = It is starting now

Christmas = Weihnachten

um halb 11
= at 10:30

anfangen = to begin


Fröhliche Weihnachten = Merry Christmas

Schönes Neues Jahr = Happy New Year